GetBitcoinBlockchain.com - fast way to download Bitcoin ...
5 Steps to Install Bitcoin-Qt Faster - Bitcoin-en.com
Moving the Bitcoin Core Data Directory - Bitzuma
I just verified that BU and SV block chain data structures are compatible! No need to download the block chain from scratch if migrating to SV.
Since BU hasn't still officially announced nor released a Satoshi Vision compatible change set and time is running out, I started migrating cryptograffiti.info from Bitcoin Unlimited to Satoshi Vision (to guarantee that after 15th of Nov my service is still attached to what I perceive as the original Bitcoin). I copy-pasted the blocks and chainstate directories from BU datadir to SV datadir and simply launched my nonmining node. After a couple of minutes of network discovery the node was properly synchronized with the network and downloaded new blocks as they were found. The RPCs are working as expected. While SV lacks the qt binaries (GUI), it is still usable as a backend software for block chain services such as cryptograffiti.info . If you want to be on a correct chain after the 15th and can't wait for BU or ABC to implement SV- compatible changes then rest assured, you don't have to download the whole block chain from scratch.
Run a 0.14 Full-Node on RaspberryPi3 Pruned(less than 16GB SD needed)
Hi! Happy if this guide helps you. Tip if you want: 19656Uwdwko5RjtnuwQENpjBwE3ChzD59v UPDATE 04/06/17 Add 'uacomment=UASF-SegWit-BIP148' into your bitcoin.conf if you want to signal UASF. UPDATE 03/13/17 ADDED a tl;dr; Version at the end of this Post. UPDATE 03/12/17: Just to test it - I reinstalled all on 8GB SD and it works as well. But maybe you should use at least 16GB for the beginning. Using a 128GB card for the first version was a little bit stupid - so I reinstalled everything on a 8GB SD card. Including Linux and a pruned blockchain - and it works. I used prune=550 and Jessie Lite (headless / command line) - without wallet and gui. The SD is almost full, but it works so far I also updated the whole manual a bit to make things more clear. Thank you for all your feedback! Just started my Bitcoin Node today and wanted to share the way I did it with people who are interested in running their own full node. It took some time to write everything down - hopefully correct so far. I am sure, many people around bitcoin are way more informed and educated as I am - I am the noob. So I wrote this manual to help users like me - noobs, to get started with a cheap, simple bitcoin node on raspberry pi. Have fun! I wanted to get my Raspberry Pi 3 working as a node to support the network. Actually the process of installing and running the node was more or less easy - but for Noobs (like I am) it might be a bit tricky to start the whole thing, because there are different ways. Did you - like me - think you would need +120GB on the raspi, external USB HDD to be a full node? You won't! If you have a Raspberry and you know what Bitcoin is, I guess, you are a little bit aware of linux, networks and of course bitcoin - so I won't go into detail too much. This guide is just a little helper to get a full node running on your raspberry pi. Thanks to the help of the nice people in this sub and of course the documentation by the developers, I got it working - and of course also special thanks to raspnode.com - as I followed their tutorial to start - I went some other ways here and there - so please read carefully. For the Part 2 I would suggest to have http://raspnode.com/diyBitcoin.html open and read through my manual. I split the tutorial in 2 Parts - PART ONE is about installing the client on your PC and downloading the Blockchain. PART TWO is about the setup of the raspberryPi and transferring the pruned blockchain to the pi and run it as a full node! The first thing to be aware of is: You actually need to download the whole blockchain to get this working - if you already have your bitcoin client synced on the PC / MAC great you can reuse it! Now you might think "but you said less than 16GB in the title!" Yes, but the good thing is you won't need to download it on your Raspberry, neither you need to sync it completely on your raspberry which took ages (weeks!) before. When you finished this Guide, you will just have a max. 4GB Blockchain on your Raspberry Pi - but it still is a full node! The magic word is Pruning. Maybe even a 8GB SD Card works just fine including Linux (jessie lite)! So, if you already have a full node on your PC - Great you can almost skip PART ONE - BUT have at how to Prune in PART ONE if you don't know about it. For PART TWO you'll need a Raspberry Pi 2 or 3 (I used 3) min. 8GB (works also) or better 16GB SD Card. (I used a 128GB for the first version of this manual - which is way too big)
This is the manual how to get started on you PC / MAC / Linux (I did it on Win7) Go to: https://bitcoin.org/en/download and download the core Client for your Machine (I used win64). Install it and configure it to save the Blockchaindata to the directory of your choice - so instead getting 120GB on your C drive, I would suggest to download it to another place like a USB drive. You can set this up during the install. Standard folder for the blockchain folder is "%APPDATA%\Bitcoin" on Windows. or you can do it after the install by creating a bitcoin.conf file inside your installation folder / or %APPDATA%\Bitcoin and add
to the file. Line by line. By the way here you could also just add dbcache - to use more memory to speed up the process a bit:
if you don't want to use the settings inside the program. (you can also set this inside the program under settings! If you have this inside the bitcoin.conf you will see the amount you set there from inside the program - it overrides the values) You can check inside the windows client under settings, if you can see a manual dbcache is set by having a look at the left footer area. When your dbcache value shows up, everything is fine. So the Blockchain download process will take time - maybe a few days! Depending on your machine, internet connection and HDD. The Blockchain is huge as it contains every single transaction of the past until today. You won't need to keep your PC running all the time, you can turn it off and on and it will resync automatically when you start bitcoin-qt.exe! Make sure to close the client always via "quit" - ctrl+q. After you have your bitcoin core installed, the blockchain downloaded and synced - you are ready to PRUNE! First - close the Client and let it close smoothly. After it is really closed you can follow these steps:
By pruning, your blockchain will dramatically shrink. From 120GB to just a few GB.
Be aware, that you will lose your Downloaded Blockchain as pruning will erase a big chunk of it! If you have enough space, you could of course keep the full blockchain saved somewhere on another HDD. You can prune by editing your bitcoin.conf file by adding:
I used prune=1024 - not sure where the differences are right now (min. prune=550). (for my 8GB version I used 550! I suggest to use this.) Save the bitcoind.conf file and restart your windows client. It will now clean up the Blockchain. So just the latest blocks are saved. The client should start without any problems. Maybe it takes some time to prune the blockchain data. Check if everything works normally (the client opens as usual, you can see an empty wallet) than close the client. Inside the Bitcoin Folder, you'll find two folders called:
those are the interesting folders containing the important data (now pruned) - and we will transfer those two to the raspberry later! Now you are good to start the raspi transfer explained in the next part.
Here is what I did: 1) I installed Raspian Pixel (https://www.raspberrypi.org/downloads/raspbian/) using a 128 GB SD - which is not needed because of "Pruning" - I think a 16GB card might work, too! (You can also install Raspian Jessie Lite - which saves you even more space, as it runs headless - only command line) (Updated: It is better to use Jessie Lite to save a lot of space - when you are fine with only command line) 2) I followed partly this tutorial to get everything running and setup:
Please have a look at it - I have copied the Headlines in capitals to let you know what I did, and what I skipped. On Tutorial Page: Start with RASPBIAN (OPTIONAL) CONFIG OPTIONS. Set You RasPi up including "EDITING FILES" to save your Layout at the tutorial page and come back here. I skipped the CONFIGURE USB AND SET AUTOMOUNT process, as we are going to use PRUNING to reduce the 120GB to a tiny filesize - so USB Devices are not needed here! It was necessary to ENLARGE SWAP FILE to install bitcoin core - otherwise it didn't went through which ended in a frozen raspi. So have a close look by following the raspnode tutorial at: ENLARGE SWAP FILE. I have my raspi running via cable to router - but you can also WiFi setup everything described under NETWORKING ON THE RASPBERRY PI. Now comes the interesting part: Follow the steps at DOWNLOADING BITCOIN CORE DEPENDENCIES - they work fine for 0.14.0 too. Git should be on Board already when you installed Pixel - otherwise you would need to install it.
sudo apt-get install git -y (only jessy lite)
I skipped the next command lines - as I don't use bitcoin-qt wallet. If you want to use it as wallet - do the step.
as I don't need the wallet functionality. I didn't need to use "MAKE" which saves you maybe up to 2.5 hours. instead you can just go ahead with:
sudo make install
(If I am wrong in doing so - please let me know) The install takes some time - and just a heads up: when it gets stuck somewhere - just redo the installation process - it took three times to went through - stuck at some processing. After the installation took place you can finally get your Raspberry Pi Node running in no time! To test if the the installation went through - you can just start bitcoind using:
than check if everything is working so far:
after a few seconds you should see version: etc... if not, something went wrong. Try to redo the steps in the raspnode tutorial. (don't give up if it failed - retry! Ask your questions here) IMPORTANT: you need to stop bitcoin on your raspberry now!
If you don't need an external USB Drive - what I hope - as we are going to use pruning just go ahead and skip the USB part and create a file inside (or follow the raspnode tutorial on how to setup the USB drive):
cd .bitcoin sudo nano bitcoin.conf
and enter the exact same pruning size you have used on your Desktop Machine to prune. I used 1024 but the minimum is 550. (used 550 for the 8GB SD card on PC and Raspberry)
That's it for the raspi. update: To signal UASF enter in a new line:
Now you have to transfer the two folders CHAINSTATE and BLOCKS from your PC bitcoind directory to your raspberry. I am using a program called "WINSCP" - it is free and easy to use: https://winscp.net/eng/download.php We need this to transfer the files to the Raspberry pi. Pretty sure you can also do it via SSH - but I am the noob. So let's keep it simple. Open Winscp and put in the IP Address of your Raspberry Pi, User and Password (same as in SSH) You should now see the directories on your Raspberry Pi. There is a folder called
enter it and you will see the two folders
blocks & chainstate
you can delete them on the raspberry as they have some data from your previous test inside. Make sure you can also see the bitcoin.conf file in that directory, which needs to contain the exact same prune line, like the one on your desktop machine. If not, make sure to edit it via SSH. The line "datadir=l:\yourfolder" is obviously not needed in the Raspberry bitcoin.conf file. Now grab the two folders CHAINSTATE and BLOCKS from your PC and copy them to your .bitcoind folder. I also copied banlist.dat, fee_estimation.dat, mempool.dat and peers.dat to the folder - not really knowing if needed! Not needed. The whole copy process might take some minutes (against some weeks in the old way). After copying is finished, you can now start bitcoind on the Raspberry.
the & symbol let you still use the command line while the process is running btw. The process - if succesfull - will take some time to finish.
Will give you some informations what is going on right now. When you can see, that it is checking the blocks, this is good! If you get an error - double check - if you have the correct prune size (same as on desktop machine) - in bitcoin.conf and that this file is inside .bitcoin on RaspberryPi. It took me some time, to find my mistakes. Congrats! You are almost a part of the network! To make your node now a fullnode, you will need to go to your router (often 192.168.1.1) and enable portforwarding for your raspberry pi - and open ports 8333 - that's it! You can now go to: https://bitnodes.21.co/nodes/ scroll down to "JOIN THE NETWORK" and check check if your node IP is connected! It will show up as soon as the blocks are checked and the raspi is running. Well done! Now you are running a full node, with a small Blockchain and got it working in Minutes, not weeks! I really hope, my little tutorial worked for you and your are part of the Node network now. If you have problems or I made a mistake in this helper tut, just let me know and I will try to make it better. Have fun and NODL! the noob tl;dr; (if you are a real noob start with the non-tl;dr version!) tl;dr; PART ONE 1) Download & install / setup bitcoincore @ https://bitcoin.org/de/download 2) change dbcache to something smaller than your memory and download the whole Blockchain (120GB). 3) create a file called bitcoin.conf put the line prune=550 (or higher) in to activate pruning on win inside %appData%/bitcoin 4) Open ports 8333 on your Router to make this a full node with a smaller Blockchain. You are running a full node on your PC. tl;dr; PART TWO 1) Install jessie lite and the needed dependencies on your SDCard - Raspberry ( >git clone -b 0.14 https://github.com/bitcoin/bitcoin.git )
see tutorial for more info.
2) create a file called bitcoin.conf inside .bitcoin and add the same prune=Number you had on your PC. 3) transfer the pruned folders BLOCKS and CHAINSTATE to the Raspberry Folder .bitcoin 4)Start "bitcoind &" 5) let everything sync 6) Make sure you have port 8333 opened on your router. You are running a full node on your Raspberry with a super small Blockchain (I put all on a 8GB SDcard) Tip if you want : 19656Uwdwko5RjtnuwQENpjBwE3ChzD59v updated 03/12 - will update more, soon. updated 03/12.2 - I updated the whole process a bit and also added some improvements. updated 03/14/ Added a tl;dr version at the end.
Hi Redditors. I am going to post in this thread my experiences in getting my Desktop (Debian) machine running Armory in watch-only mode, and coupling that with an offline Raspberry Pi (which holds my private keys) for signing the transactions previously made in watch-only mode. I actually compiled Armory from source directly on my Pi. This guide is probably more for the bitcoin 'power user', as to run Armory online, and broadcast the signed transactions, you need to have a bitcoin full node running (bitcoind). Basic requirements:
Online machine - running a full node (bitcoind)
Raspberry Pi - I used an old Pi 1 Model B with just 512Mb memory, and 2 USB slots.
2x USB thumb-drives. One for wallet backups, the other for transferring unsigned tx's to the rPi, and signed tx's back to the Desktop.
Armory 0.96.4 for the Raspberry Pi 1, Model B (512Mb RAM, 2xUSB) (compiled from github sourcecode on the Pi itself!)
Using the Pi as an offline complement to a Debian Desktop "watch-only" Armory install.
Desktop Debian Armory watch-only talks to my full node, bitcoind, which is also on the Debian desktop.
I'll post the guide in digestible sections...
I should begin by saying I installed source code from git, and got Armory to build the DB on my desktop initially, WITHOUT creating a wallet.. (This allowed me to debug what was going on a little!)
Go to Bitcoin.org, select Armory.. It leads to a Download from Git: https://github.com/goatpig/BitcoinArmory/releases Followed the procedure for Linux Debian verify code, compile, install, all straight-forward.. Began by running bitcoind, and telling Armory where to find it. This is the command I used, obviously it was all on one line and didn't include the arrows/explanations!:
python ArmoryQt.py \ --satoshi-datadir=/BlockChain/chain20180414/blocks \ # <-----(where my bitcoind blocks live) --datadir=/ArmoryDataDi \ # <-----(this is instead of ~/.armory) --dbdir=/ArmoryDataDidatabases # <-------(again, non std. place used for Armory's databases.. my choice.)
So, on the Desktop, after the initial "build databases" (NB the initial "Build Databases" took about 1.5h and my two CPUs were maxed the whole time, Temps up to 62C. Not ideal; Im not in a rush!) I then wanted to import a watch-only wallet. Before I did this, I took a full backup of the Armory data dir: /ArmoryDataDi (or ~/.armory in a default installation). I'd hate to have to make Armory do another full sync with the bitcoind node!
Next step: offline wallet (with Private Keys) is on a Raspberry Pi. I downloaded the source and managed to compile it on the pi itself! :) Though there were some gymnastics needed to setup the Pi. My Pi is running Raspbian based on Wheezy.. quite old! I did the following on the Pi:
apt-get update apt-get upgrade (<---took about an hour!) apt-get install autotools-dev apt-get install autoconf
Then I followed the instructions exactly as I had done for my Debian Desktop machine, EXCEPT: I had to increase the Pi's swap space. I upped it from 100Mb to 400Mb. The compilation took 7 hours, and my poor SD card got a thrashing. But after compilation, I put the Swap back to 100Mb and Armory runs ok with about 150Mb of memory (no swap needed). Swap increase on the Pi: use your favourite editor, and open the file /etc/dphys-swapfile add/change the following line:
Then, REBOOT the Pi:
sudo shutdown -h -P now
Once the compilation was done on the Pi, put the swap back, rebooted and created an Armory wallet. I added manual entropy and upped the encryption 'time' from 250ms to 2500ms - since the Pi is slow, but I'll be happy to wait for more iterations in the Key Derivation Function. Once the wallet was created, it obviously prompts you for backup. I want to add a private key of my own (i.e. import), so don't do the backup until this is over. I import my Private Key, and Armory checks that this corresponds to a Public Key, which I check is correct. This is the point now where the Pi storage medium (e.g an SD card) has to be properly destroyed if you ever get rid of it. I had thought that now would be a good time to decide if your new wallet will generate Segwit receiving addresses, and also addresses used to receive 'change' after a transaction.. But it seems Armory WON'T let you switch to P2SH-P2WPKH unless your Armory is connected to a node offering "WITNESS" service. Obviously, my Pi is offline and will never connect to a node, so the following will not work on the Pi:
x Use File Settings Fee and address types.
x Set the "Preferred Receive Address Type" to P2SH-P2WPKH
x Also Set the "Change Address" to P2SH-P2WPKH for left-over loose change!
NB: I thought about setting this on the Debian "watch-only" wallet, but that would surely mean doom, as the Pi would not know about those addresses and backups might not keep them.. who knows... So, end result:- no segwit for me just yet in my offline funds.
--If anyone can offer a solution to this, I'd be very grateful--
Ok, now this is a good point to back up your wallet on the Pi. It has your imported keys. I choose a Digital Backup - and put it on a USB key, which will never touch the internet and will be stored off-site. I also chose to encrypt it, because I'm good with passwords.. NB: The Armory paper backup will NOT back up your imported private keys, so keep those somewhere if you're not sweeping them. It would be prudent to have an Armory paper backup anyway, but remember it will likely NOT help you with that imported key. Now for the watch-only copy of the wallet. I want to get the "watch-only" version onto my Desktop Debian machine. On the Pi, I created (exported to a USB key) a "watching-only" copy of my wallet. I would use the RECOMMENDED approach, export the "Entire Wallet File". As you will see below, I initially exported only the ROOT data, which will NOT capture the watching-only part of the Private Key I entered manually above (i.e. the public Key!). Now, back on the Debian Desktop machine... I stopped all my crontab jobs; just give Armory uninterrupted CPU/memory/disk... I also stopped bitcoind and made a backup prior to any watch-only wallet being imported. I already made a backup of Armory on my Desktop, before any wallet import. (this was needed, as I made a mistake.. see below) So on the Debian Desktop machine, I begin by firing up bitcoind. my command for this is:
I know from bitter experience that doing a scan over the blockchain for a new wallet takes a looong time and a lot of CPU, and I'd like it to play nicely; not gobble all the memory and swap and run my 2xCPUs both at 100% for four hours... So... I aim to run with --ram-usage=X and --thread-count=X (For me in the end, X=1 but I began with X=4) I began with --ram-usage=4 (<--- = 4x128Mb) The result is below...
TypeError: cannot concatenate 'str' and 'int' objects
It didn't recognise the ram-usage and carried on, crippling my Debian desktop PC. This is where it gets dangerous; Armory can gobble so much memory and CPU that the windowing environment can cease up, and it can take over 30 minutes just to exit nicely from bitcoind and ArmoryDB. So, I ssh to the machine from another computer, and keep an eye on it with the command
I'd also be able to do a "sudo reboot now" if needed from here.
So, trying to get my --ram-usage command recognised, I tried this line (added quotes):
Loading Armory Engine: Armory Version: 0.96.4 Armory Build: None PyBtcWallet Version: 1.35 Detected Operating system: Linux OS Variant : ('debian', '9.4', '') User home-directory : /home/ Satoshi BTC directory : /BlockChain/chain20180414 Armory home dir : /ArmoryDataDi ArmoryDB directory : /ArmoryDataDidatabases Armory settings file : /ArmoryDataDiArmorySettings.txt Armory log file : /ArmoryDataDiarmorylog.txt Do wallet checking : True (ERROR) ArmoryUtils.py:3723 - Unsupported language specified. Defaulting to English (en) (ERROR) ArmoryQt.py:1833 - Failed to start Armory database: cannot concatenate 'str' and 'int' objects Traceback (most recent call last): File "ArmoryQt.py", line 1808, in startArmoryDBIfNecessary TheSDM.spawnDB(str(ARMORY_HOME_DIR), TheBDM.armoryDBDir) File "/BitcoinArmory/SDM.py", line 387, in spawnDB pargs.append('--ram-usage=' + ARMORY_RAM_USAGE) TypeError: cannot concatenate 'str' and 'int' objects
So, I edit the Armory python file SDM.py:
if ARMORY_RAM_USAGE != -1: pargs.append('--ram-usage=4') #COMMENTED THIS, SO I CAN HARDCODE =4 # ' + ARMORY_RAM_USAGE)
Running it, I now have acknowledgement of the --ram-usage=4:
(WARNING) SDM.py:400 - Spawning DB with command: /BitcoinArmory/ArmoryDB --db-type="DB_FULL" --cookie --satoshi-datadir="/BlockChain/chain20180414/blocks" --datadir="/ArmoryDataDi" --dbdir="/ArmoryDataDidatabases" --ram-usage=4
Also, even with ram-usage=4, it used too much memory, so I told it to quit. It took over 30 minutes to stop semi-nicely. The last thing it reported was:
ERROR - 00:25:21: (StringSockets.cpp:351) FcgiSocket::writeAndRead FcgiError: unexpected fcgi header version
But that didn't seem to matter or corrupt the Armory Database, so I think it's ok. So, I get brave and change SDM.py as below, and I make sure my script has a command line for --ram-usage="ABCDE" and --thread-count="FGHIJ"; the logic being that these strings "ABCDE" will pass the IF criteria below, and my hardcoded values will be used...
if ARMORY_RAM_USAGE != -1: pargs.append('--ram-usage=1') #COMMENTED THIS, SO I CAN HARDCODE =1 # ' + ARMORY_RAM_USAGE) if ARMORY_THREAD_COUNT != -1 pargs.append('--thread-count=1') #COMMENTED THIS, SO I CAN HARDCODE =1 #' + ARMORY_THREAD_COUNT)
So, as usual, I use my script and start this with: ./StartArm.sh (which uses command line:)
(this forces it to use my hard-coded values in SDM.py...) So, this is the command which it reports that it starts with:
(WARNING) SDM.py:400 - Spawning DB with command: /BitcoinArmory/ArmoryDB --db-type="DB_FULL" --cookie --satoshi-datadir="/BlockChain/chain20180414/blocks" --datadir="/ArmoryDataDi" --dbdir="/ArmoryDataDidatabases" --ram-usage=1 --thread-count=1
Again, this is where it gets dangerous; Armory can gobble so much memory and CPU that the windowing environment can cease up. So I ssh to the machine and keep an eye on it with:
So, on the Debian Desktop PC, I inserted the USB stick with the watch-only wallet I exported from the Pi. Start Armory... Import "Entire Wallet File" watch-only copy. Wait 4 hours.. YAY!!! After running Armory for about 30m, the memory usage dropped by 400m... wierd... It took ~2 hours to get 40% completion. After 3.5 hours it's almost there... The memory went up to about 1.7Gb in use and 900Mb of Swap, but the machine remained fairly responsive throughout, apart from a few (10?) periods at the start, where it appeared to freeze for 10-30s at a time. (That's where my ssh session came in handy - I could check the machine was still ok with a "free -h" command) Now, I can: Create an unsigned transaction on my Desktop, Save the tx to USB stick, Move to the Pi, Sign the tx, Move back to the Desktop, Broadcast the signed tx.
My initial Mistake: This caused me to have to roll-back my Armory database, using the backup. so you should try to avoid doing this.. On the Pi, I exported only the ROOT data, which will NOT capture the watching-only part of the Private Key It is RECOMMENDED to use the Digital Export of Entire Wallet File from the Pi when making a watch-only copy. If you just export just the "ROOT data", not the "Entire Wallet File", you'll have problems if you used an imported Private Key in the offline wallet, like I did. Using the ROOT data text import, after it finished... my balance was zero. So,. I tried a Help->Rescan Balance (Restart Armory, takes 1minute to get back up and running) No Luck. Still zero balance. So, I try Rescan Databases.. This will take longer. Nah.. no luck. So, I tried again, thinking it might be to do with the fact that I imported the text "root data" stuff, instead of following the (Recommended) export of watching-wallet file. So, I used my Armory backup, and wound back the ArmoryDataDi to the point before the install of the (zero balance) wallet. (you should not need to do this, as you will hopefully use the RECOMMENDED approach of exporting the "Entire Wallet File"!)
Despite what Core supporters may claim, bitcoin *has* hard-forked before (screenshot of what the hard-fork looks like included)
Many high-profile Core supporters have disingenuously claimed that bitcoin has never hard-forked before. They do this by twisting the definition of "hard-fork" around to suit their agenda. The fact of the matter is, if you run bitcoin version 0.7.2 or earlier with default configuration settings, you will not sync with the present-day blockchain. This is, by definition, a hard-fork: old nodes are incompatible, and must be upgraded in order to remain on the main chain. Bitcoin's hard-fork occurred in the wake of the March 2013 event, in which the blockchain split due to non-deterministic behavior in older clients. I will put aside whether or not the events in March 2013 were a hard-fork or just a bug, because a measurable hard-fork event occurred a few months later after all nodes were required to upgrade. Indeed, even Core's post-mortem states "On 16 August, 2013 block 252,451 (0x0000000000000024b58eeb1134432f00497a6a860412996e7a260f47126eed07) was accepted by the main network, forking unpatched nodes off the network." When I say this hard-fork is "measurable", I mean that anyone can test for themselves to see that old versions of the bitcoin software are not compatible with the current blockchain. In order to test it yourself, you can follow these steps:
Shut down your up-to-date full node software, and restart it with the following command: bitcoin-qt -bind=127.0.0.1 -connect. (The -bind option allows local nodes to connect to it. The empty -connect option ensures it doesn't connect to any public nodes, which is important because we need to keep the mempool empty in order to prevent the old node software getting hung-up trying process present-day transactions).
Download version 0.7.2 of Bitcoin Core, and run it with the following command: bitcoin-qt -datadir=/path/to/an/empty/directory -connect=127.0.0.1. (This will connect to your up-to-date local full node, and start processing the blockchain. Make sure your datadir path has at least 15 gigs free).
Now, you must wait (several hours at least). Once your 0.7.2 node reaches block height 252,450, you will see the result of the hard-fork yourself. The outdated node software will refuse to process the following block, and the debug.log file will start printing InvalidChainFound messages. Here is a screenshot of what my 0.7.2 node looked like when it was hard-forked off the main chain: https://i.imgur.com/qIxAAjY.png I encourage you to replicate this process yourself if you remain skeptical. I hope this puts to rest once and for all the myth that bitcoin has never hard-forked before. The fact of the matter is, bitcoin has hard-forked before: with only a few months of preparation, all nodes on the network were able to successfully upgrade (or apply backports or special config), and the main chain hard-forked without any problems.
bitcoin-qt ready for use within half an hour … download an up-to-date pruned blockchain
Let us discuss how safe this is :-) This tutorial is for Linux only but people using other operating systems will understand what to do. Download the bitcoin blockchain https://drive.google.com/drive/folders/0B0nH34wIYOSlSG81ZUZUZGZjVkE?usp=sharing This will download (~20 minutes) the 2485 MB file: bitcoin_blockchain_pruned_550MB_19aug2016.tar.gz It contains only blocks, no wallet or log files. It has been created with -prune=550 Unpack tar -zxvf bitcoin_blockchain_pruned_550MB_19aug2016.tar.gz and observe it contains only blocks and chain state data. This will create the directory: .bitcoin_pruned_550MB_19aug2016 Let’s assume you move this to ~/.bitcoin_pruned, so mv .bitcoin_pruned_550MB_19aug2016 ~/.bitcoin_pruned Run bitcoin-qt When you start bitcoin-qt, a new wallet will be created: back it up first. My advice is to use bitcoin-qt 0.13.0rc3, because it creates a HD wallet that never runs out of addresses. Start bitcoin-qt in fast start-up mode first: bitcoin-qt –prune=550 –checklevel=2 –checkblocks=10 –checkblocksverify=10 –datadir=yourpath/.bitcoin_pruned and let it sync quickly. Check more thoroughly next time with 10 -> 500000. You can have a quick look at what’s happening: tail ~/.bitcoin_pruned/debug.log.
FOR NOW, the drawback is that if you want to add addresses (watch-only or spendable) that already contain bitcoins, you have to create the pruned blockchain from scratch yourself, which takes a lot of time (or have someone with a full blockchain rescan the wallet for you). This is not really necessary: if the user is not interested in the history of his transactions, the balances can be obtained directly from the UTXO set. It has already been approved to add this feature in some future Core release: https://github.com/bitcoin/bitcoin/issues?q=is%3Aissue+is%3Aopen+label%3AWallet, #8497. I will automatically update the google drive with new up-to-date blockchains soon. EDIT: openssl dgst -sha256 bitcoin_blockchain_pruned_550MB_19aug2016.tar.gz SHA256(bitcoin_blockchain_pruned_550MB_19aug2016.tar.gz)= ce36bcb9ab691c358b27d3051f8f38452bc182ca636eae992563c60805a9d4b0
The bitcoin-qt core wallet in pruned mode, cold storage and scaling: test results.
Importing "watch only" addresses (cold storage), creating a wallet in pruned mode and a pruned blockchain and then importing the private key to go from cold to hot storage works just fine in bitcoin-qt (after a restart).
However, when importing "watch only" addresses AFTER creating the blockchain the balances are not visible and require to download the full blockchain again (95 GB).
As far as I understand it this is not necessary, as the balances (not the history) can be obtained from the UTXO set and a new download is not necessary. I made this an issue on Github (and just got a positive feedback).
A possible use case: a user downloads (or gets it from a usb) a 2.5 GB pruned blockchain, checks it (maybe some options or software needs to be developed) and creates a wallet and imports his own addresses and/or private keys WITHOUT HAVING TO CREATE THE PRUNED BLOCHCHAIN HIMSELF, WHICH IS VITAL IN ORDER TO SCALE BITCOIN.
At the moment keeping a pruned blockchain up-to-date is not a big deal. It requires (blocksonly=1) about 3 GB of disk space and 1/600 MB/s=1.7 kB/s=13 kb/s of download bandwidth. Downloading all raw blocks and creating the pruned blockchain is very resource intensive process and can take a long time (already).
Trusting that electrum servers wil always be available is tricky (especially when blocks get bigger than 1MB) as I, for example, was not able to do it with my hardware and I'm not the only one: https://redd.it/3gg0wh
DETAILS First a wallet was created in the following way: bitcoin-qt -connect=wrong_ip_address -prune=550 -listen=0 -datadir=/home/use.bitcoin_pruned & The trick here is to add a wrong ip address so bitcoin-qt won't start loading blocks. The -listen=0 makes it possible to run bitcoin-qt while bitcoind (as a full archival node) is running in the background on the same computer.
Now some "watch only" addresses, that already had some bitcoin in them, were added (in bitcoin-qt: help -> Debug window -> Console) importaddress watch_only_address "" false The pruned blockchain was then created by inserting the correct ip address (pointing to my node) or by removing "-connect=ip_address" completely.
Because bitcoin-qt was not the only program, creating the pruned blockchain was a very long process that took about 5 days! I could speed up the process a lot by turning off bitcoind and running the pruned node as a bitcoind with some extra priority: sudo /usbin/ionice -c 2 -n 0 /usbin/nice -n -20 ./bitcoind -datadir=/home/use.bitcoin_pruned/ Had I done that from the start, it could have been much faster and maybe 1 or 2 days would have been enough. The final pruned blockchain has a size of: 2542 MB so about 2.5 GB.
I now moved the wallet.dat to wallet.dat_back and restarted bitcoin-qt. The program will create a new wallet that can be used to receive and then send transactions. If you now add a private key that already has some bitcoins in it, they will NOT be visible. There is no reason for that as the balances (not the history) are in the UTXO set.
I now started bitcoin-qt with the original wallet.dat file. The bitcoins in the watch only addresses are now visible. I then imported the private key of one of the addresses but the move of the bitcoins from "Watch only" to "Spendable" was not visible in bitcoin-qt. However, after a restart of bitcoin-qt the funds were visible in the "Spendable" section of the wallet. I then did a transaction to another address. Now in this case I want the change of the transaction to stay within MY "watch only" addresses and they shouldn't move to the (arbitrary) addresses created when the wallet was created. This is fortunate possible in bitcoin-qt. You have to choose in bitcoin-qt: Settings -> Options -> Wallet -> Enable coin controle features. It is then possible to choose the return address to be one of the watch only addresses (with or without bitcoins in them). It all worked just fine! It is not clear to me why bitcoin-qt has the option to "importprunedfunds", that doesn't seem necessary.
Of course, a big thank you to all developers who implemented the currently available great features.
Before that I had even tried the option -reindex-chainstate but it failed for some reason. After about 8 hours, the reindex finished but it's downloading the blockchain all over again although I already have 200 GB of blockchain data. I can see this by running:
The point when it went from reindexing to downloading the blockchain all over again looks like this in debug.log:
2018-07-24 08:32:09 Reindexing block file blk01265.dat... 2018-07-24 08:33:57 Loaded 962 blocks from external file in 107945ms 2018-07-24 08:33:57 Reindexing finished 2018-07-24 08:33:57 Pre-allocating up to position 0x100000 in rev00000.dat 2018-07-24 08:33:58 UpdateTip: new best=00000000839a8e6886ab5951d76f411475428afc90947ee320161bbf18eb6048 height=1 version=0x00000001 log2_work=33.000022 tx=2 date='2009-01-09 02:54:25' progress=0.000000 cache=0.0MiB(1txo) 2018-07-24 08:33:58 UpdateTip: new best=000000006a625f06636b8bb6ac7b960a8d03705d1ace08b1a19da3fdcc99ddbd height=2 version=0x00000001 log2_work=33.584985 tx=3 date='2009-01-09 02:55:44' progress=0.000000 cache=0.0MiB(2txo) ... 2018-07-24 15:28:52 UpdateTip: new best=00000000000000000c84841e1450c8644dfe5a85528ae551f8862a688b55db61 height=331606 version=0x00000002 log2_work=81.568221 tx=52347394 date='2014-11-25 21:30:09' progress=0.149665 cache=2153.7MiB(16335495txo) 2018-07-24 15:28:52 Pre-allocating up to position 0x200000 in rev00200.dat 2018-07-24 15:28:53 UpdateTip: new best=0000000000000000103e002b3231dbee391cf38a2890e310b3e9ee3b785a172a height=331607 version=0x00000002 log2_work=81.568291 tx=52348058 date='2014-11-25 21:40:24' progress=0.149667 cache=2153.7MiB(16334996txo) 2018-07-24 15:28:53 UpdateTip: new best=00000000000000001ac7a4a8f8b910236cfbe1ec2343af4fbe9b8dd1691b7433 height=331608 version=0x00000002 log2_work=81.56836 tx=52348254 date='2014-11-25 21:42:35' progress=0.149667 cache=2153.6MiB(16334923txo) 2018-07-24 15:28:53 UpdateTip: new best=000000000000000006ecf1eb304f3edf56f8ebea62183f8ffbb37653433d196b height=331609 version=0x00000002 log2_work=81.56843 tx=52348821 date='2014-11-25 21:52:17' progress=0.149669 cache=2153.7MiB(16334989txo) 2018-07-24 15:28:53 UpdateTip: new best=00000000000000001864ff1e384b409d9c26745e3dc36a77cb3068959c6244f7 height=331610 version=0x00000002 log2_work=81.5685 tx=52349053 date='2014-11-25 21:55:54' progress=0.149670 cache=2153.7MiB(16335046txo) 2018-07-24 15:28:53 UpdateTip: new best=000000000000000019ff0a26dd1c684661a624f52a78185ba60ad63a464be92e height=331611 version=0x00000002 log2_work=81.568569 tx=52349229 date='2014-11-25 21:57:40' progress=0.149670 cache=2153.6MiB(16334946txo) 2018-07-24 15:28:54 UpdateTip: new best=00000000000000000775b876ee6d5ef4e74ec728d92ea37f249cf4183e8d8447 height=331612 version=0x00000002 log2_work=81.568639 tx=52350965 date='2014-11-25 22:27:56' progress=0.149675 cache=2153.7MiB(16335409txo) 2018-07-24 15:28:54 Pre-allocating up to position 0x1200000 in rev00199.dat 2018-07-24 15:28:54 UpdateTip: new best=000000000000000009547c69932fa9cc2a8d2c9f6449ef23db13da3f71ac8d40 height=331613 version=0x00000002 log2_work=81.568709 tx=52351547 date='2014-11-25 22:36:56' progress=0.149677 cache=2153.6MiB(16334933txo)
I am feeling pretty frustrated because I can't run a simple bitcoin node every once in a while. Seems like every time I close bitcoind or bitcoin-qt the blockchain gets corrupted. I have found several people complaining about this problem online but I haven't found any definitive solution. Seems like avoiding windows is a good thing (I like to use the same blockchain folder that I store in an external hard drive in both windows and linux). TLDR 1 - How to avoid getting a corrupted blockchain in both windows and linux and both bitcoin-qt and bitcoind? 2 - How to fix a corrupted blockchain quickly, if this is even possible. -reindex and -reindex-chainstate don't seem to work in my case. If this doesn't get solved here, I am opening an issue in bitcoin's github.
Hello, I've been using BTC since '10 and have always used the -QT client. PC died after a powercut yesterday and now I'm having huge issues trying to get bitcoin-qt up and running. I have deleted the entire blockchain off my PC as I originally thought that was the issue. From the debug.log this is what keeps appearing, followed by -qt shutting down.
2016-05-07 18:07:40 *** System error while flushing: CDB: Error -30974, can't open database 2016-05-07 18:07:42 UPnP Port Mapping successful. 2016-05-07 18:07:43 ERROR: ProcessNewBlock: ActivateBestChain failed 2016-05-07 18:07:43 addcon thread interrupt 2016-05-07 18:07:43 opencon thread interrupt 2016-05-07 18:07:43 net thread interrupt 2016-05-07 18:07:43 msghand thread interrupt 2016-05-07 18:07:44 scheduler thread interrupt 2016-05-07 18:07:44 Shutdown: In progress... 2016-05-07 18:07:44 StopNode() 2016-05-07 18:07:44 UPNP_DeletePortMapping() returned: 0 2016-05-07 18:07:44 upnp thread interrupt 2016-05-07 18:07:44 *** System error while flushing: CDB: Error -30974, can't open database 2016-05-07 18:07:45 CDBEnv::EnvShutdown: Error -30974 shutting down database environment: DB_RUNRECOVERY: Fatal error, run database recovery 2016-05-07 18:07:45 Shutdown: done
I've started the client up again and it begins to connect to the network and re-download the blockchain but still crashes at about 4 years to go. I don't think its a hdd space issue, I start the client with a datadir= set to a 50GB disk. (And now tried with 300gb drive) I'm using latest version of the client. Any ideas? Thanks
Please forgive the new account, but after getting some guidance on the #segwit-support slack channel, here are the steps for us Windows N00bs to keep the miners honest even if you don't have much space on your disk.
There's multiple ways you could go about doing this. Here are two methods that I know. You could have a usb, external hdd, etc. with your wallet on it (Basically making a mobile wallet).
Here's how you would do this on Windows.
Download the windows .zip from dogecoin.com
Extract the folder from the .zip file.
Make a text file within the extracted folder called launch.txt
Put this in it: start bitcoin-qt.exe -datadir=data
Rename the text file to launch.bat
Make a folder called data
Double-click launch.bat to start it. If files show up in the data folder you made, it's done.
I see this being moderately safe as you always have your wallet with you. I do believe that the only way someone can gain access to your wallet is if they get the files from the USB or the USB itself. Although I am unsure of the threat of using your wallet on multiple machines as far as hacking goes. OR You could have a designated laptop/machine for your wallet.
Start out with a clean install of windows onto the machine.
Get the .zip from dogecoin.com (Download, usb, etc.) onto the designated machine.
Only connect the machine to the internet for wallet/doge use.
And only use the machine for transfers from/to yourself.
Think of this method as a bank. Your main machine, machine A, is used for everyday use (So mainly Reddit). Machine B is your "vault/bank" or "offline" machine. All obtained doge (from mining, tips, services, etc.) are sent to Machine A. From there, you would send said doge to Machine B. You would then turn on Machine B, connect it to the internet and confirm that the doge was received. Machine B would then be disconnected from the internet. Now you have an offline machine (vault/bank) holding your doge. Now lets say that you want to spend some of your doge. Turn on/Connect Machine B to the internet. Now send the desired amount of doge from Machine B to Machine A. Then disconnect Machine B from the internet. The amount of doge that you wish to spend is now on Machine A rather than Machine B.
Machine A is your "wallet" which carries around your doge that you wish to use.
Machine B is your "bank" which holds your doge that you wish to store.
This is probably the safest method that you could use between the two or just in general. I guess if you wanted to be even safer, you could always use different addresses between transactions between your machines. Also, you could have multiple offline machines/wallets to spread your doge between to be even safer. Or even mix these two methods so you would have both a mobile wallet, offline wallet (bank), and your online wallet (main machine). Edit: formatting
Bitcoin Core 0.10.0 released | Wladimir | Feb 16 2015
Wladimir on Feb 16 2015: Bitcoin Core version 0.10.0 is now available from: https://bitcoin.org/bin/0.10.0/ This is a new major version release, bringing both new features and bug fixes. Please report bugs using the issue tracker at github: https://github.com/bitcoin/bitcoin/issues The whole distribution is also available as torrent: https://bitcoin.org/bin/0.10.0/bitcoin-0.10.0.torrent magnet:?xt=urn:btih:170c61fe09dafecfbb97cb4dccd32173383f4e68&dn;=0.10.0&tr;=udp%3A%2F%2Ftracker.openbittorrent.com%3A80%2Fannounce&tr;=udp%3A%2F%2Ftracker.publicbt.com%3A80%2Fannounce&tr;=udp%3A%2F%2Ftracker.ccc.de%3A80%2Fannounce&tr;=udp%3A%2F%2Ftracker.coppersurfer.tk%3A6969&tr;=udp%3A%2F%2Fopen.demonii.com%3A1337&ws;=https%3A%2F%2Fbitcoin.org%2Fbin%2F Upgrading and downgrading How to Upgrade If you are running an older version, shut it down. Wait until it has completely shut down (which might take a few minutes for older versions), then run the installer (on Windows) or just copy over /Applications/Bitcoin-Qt (on Mac) or bitcoind/bitcoin-qt (on Linux). Downgrading warning Because release 0.10.0 makes use of headers-first synchronization and parallel block download (see further), the block files and databases are not backwards-compatible with older versions of Bitcoin Core or other software:
Blocks will be stored on disk out of order (in the order they are
received, really), which makes it incompatible with some tools or other programs. Reindexing using earlier versions will also not work anymore as a result of this.
The block index database will now hold headers for which no block is
stored on disk, which earlier versions won't support. If you want to be able to downgrade smoothly, make a backup of your entire data directory. Without this your node will need start syncing (or importing from bootstrap.dat) anew afterwards. It is possible that the data from a completely synchronised 0.10 node may be usable in older versions as-is, but this is not supported and may break as soon as the older version attempts to reindex. This does not affect wallet forward or backward compatibility. Notable changes Faster synchronization Bitcoin Core now uses 'headers-first synchronization'. This means that we first ask peers for block headers (a total of 27 megabytes, as of December 2014) and validate those. In a second stage, when the headers have been discovered, we download the blocks. However, as we already know about the whole chain in advance, the blocks can be downloaded in parallel from all available peers. In practice, this means a much faster and more robust synchronization. On recent hardware with a decent network link, it can be as little as 3 hours for an initial full synchronization. You may notice a slower progress in the very first few minutes, when headers are still being fetched and verified, but it should gain speed afterwards. A few RPCs were added/updated as a result of this:
getblockchaininfo now returns the number of validated headers in addition to
the number of validated blocks.
getpeerinfo lists both the number of blocks and headers we know we have in
common with each peer. While synchronizing, the heights of the blocks that we have requested from peers (but haven't received yet) are also listed as 'inflight'.
A new RPC getchaintips lists all known branches of the block chain,
including those we only have headers for. Transaction fee changes This release automatically estimates how high a transaction fee (or how high a priority) transactions require to be confirmed quickly. The default settings will create transactions that confirm quickly; see the new 'txconfirmtarget' setting to control the tradeoff between fees and confirmation times. Fees are added by default unless the 'sendfreetransactions' setting is enabled. Prior releases used hard-coded fees (and priorities), and would sometimes create transactions that took a very long time to confirm. Statistics used to estimate fees and priorities are saved in the data directory in the fee_estimates.dat file just before program shutdown, and are read in at startup. New command line options for transaction fee changes:
-txconfirmtarget=n : create transactions that have enough fees (or priority)
so they are likely to begin confirmation within n blocks (default: 1). This setting is over-ridden by the -paytxfee option.
-sendfreetransactions : Send transactions as zero-fee transactions if possible
(default: 0) New RPC commands for fee estimation:
estimatefee nblocks : Returns approximate fee-per-1,000-bytes needed for
a transaction to begin confirmation within nblocks. Returns -1 if not enough transactions have been observed to compute a good estimate.
estimatepriority nblocks : Returns approximate priority needed for
a zero-fee transaction to begin confirmation within nblocks. Returns -1 if not enough free transactions have been observed to compute a good estimate. RPC access control changes Subnet matching for the purpose of access control is now done by matching the binary network address, instead of with string wildcard matching. For the user this means that -rpcallowip takes a subnet specification, which can be
a single IP address (e.g. 220.127.116.11 or fe80::0012:3456:789a:bcde)
a network/CIDR (e.g. 18.104.22.168/24 or fe80::0000/64)
a network/netmask (e.g. 22.214.171.124/255.255.255.0 or fe80::0012:3456:789a:bcde/ffff:ffff:ffff:ffff:ffff:ffff:ffff:ffff)
An arbitrary number of -rpcallow arguments can be given. An incoming connection will be accepted if its origin address matches one of them. For example: | 0.9.x and before | 0.10.x | |--------------------------------------------|---------------------------------------| | -rpcallowip=192.168.1.1 | -rpcallowip=192.168.1.1 (unchanged) | | -rpcallowip=192.168.1.* | -rpcallowip=192.168.1.0/24 | | -rpcallowip=192.168.* | -rpcallowip=192.168.0.0/16 | | -rpcallowip=* (dangerous!) | -rpcallowip=::/0 (still dangerous!) | Using wildcards will result in the rule being rejected with the following error in debug.log:
Error: Invalid -rpcallowip subnet specification: *. Valid are a single IP (e.g. 126.96.36.199), a network/netmask (e.g. 188.8.131.52/255.255.255.0) or a network/CIDR (e.g. 184.108.40.206/24).
REST interface A new HTTP API is exposed when running with the -rest flag, which allows unauthenticated access to public node data. It is served on the same port as RPC, but does not need a password, and uses plain HTTP instead of JSON-RPC. Assuming a local RPC server running on port 8332, it is possible to request:
In every case, EXT can be bin (for raw binary data), hex (for hex-encoded binary) or json. For more details, see the doc/REST-interface.md document in the repository. RPC Server "Warm-Up" Mode The RPC server is started earlier now, before most of the expensive intialisations like loading the block index. It is available now almost immediately after starting the process. However, until all initialisations are done, it always returns an immediate error with code -28 to all calls. This new behaviour can be useful for clients to know that a server is already started and will be available soon (for instance, so that they do not have to start it themselves). Improved signing security For 0.10 the security of signing against unusual attacks has been improved by making the signatures constant time and deterministic. This change is a result of switching signing to use libsecp256k1 instead of OpenSSL. Libsecp256k1 is a cryptographic library optimized for the curve Bitcoin uses which was created by Bitcoin Core developer Pieter Wuille. There exist attacks against most ECC implementations where an attacker on shared virtual machine hardware could extract a private key if they could cause a target to sign using the same key hundreds of times. While using shared hosts and reusing keys are inadvisable for other reasons, it's a better practice to avoid the exposure. OpenSSL has code in their source repository for derandomization and reduction in timing leaks that we've eagerly wanted to use for a long time, but this functionality has still not made its way into a released version of OpenSSL. Libsecp256k1 achieves significantly stronger protection: As far as we're aware this is the only deployed implementation of constant time signing for the curve Bitcoin uses and we have reason to believe that libsecp256k1 is better tested and more thoroughly reviewed than the implementation in OpenSSL.  https://eprint.iacr.org/2014/161.pdf Watch-only wallet support The wallet can now track transactions to and from wallets for which you know all addresses (or scripts), even without the private keys. This can be used to track payments without needing the private keys online on a possibly vulnerable system. In addition, it can help for (manual) construction of multisig transactions where you are only one of the signers. One new RPC, importaddress, is added which functions similarly to importprivkey, but instead takes an address or script (in hexadecimal) as argument. After using it, outputs credited to this address or script are considered to be received, and transactions consuming these outputs will be considered to be sent. The following RPCs have optional support for watch-only: getbalance, listreceivedbyaddress, listreceivedbyaccount, listtransactions, listaccounts, listsinceblock, gettransaction. See the RPC documentation for those methods for more information. Compared to using getrawtransaction, this mechanism does not require -txindex, scales better, integrates better with the wallet, and is compatible with future block chain pruning functionality. It does mean that all relevant addresses need to added to the wallet before the payment, though. Consensus library Starting from 0.10.0, the Bitcoin Core distribution includes a consensus library. The purpose of this library is to make the verification functionality that is critical to Bitcoin's consensus available to other applications, e.g. to language bindings such as [python-bitcoinlib](https://pypi.python.org/pypi/python-bitcoinlib) or alternative node implementations. This library is called libbitcoinconsensus.so (or, .dll for Windows). Its interface is defined in the C header [bitcoinconsensus.h](https://github.com/bitcoin/bitcoin/blob/0.10/src/script/bitcoinconsensus.h). In its initial version the API includes two functions:
bitcoinconsensus_verify_script verifies a script. It returns whether the indicated input of the provided serialized transaction
correctly spends the passed scriptPubKey under additional constraints indicated by flags
bitcoinconsensus_version returns the API version, currently at an experimental 0
The functionality is planned to be extended to e.g. UTXO management in upcoming releases, but the interface for existing methods should remain stable. Standard script rules relaxed for P2SH addresses The IsStandard() rules have been almost completely removed for P2SH redemption scripts, allowing applications to make use of any valid script type, such as "n-of-m OR y", hash-locked oracle addresses, etc. While the Bitcoin protocol has always supported these types of script, actually using them on mainnet has been previously inconvenient as standard Bitcoin Core nodes wouldn't relay them to miners, nor would most miners include them in blocks they mined. bitcoin-tx It has been observed that many of the RPC functions offered by bitcoind are "pure functions", and operate independently of the bitcoind wallet. This included many of the RPC "raw transaction" API functions, such as createrawtransaction. bitcoin-tx is a newly introduced command line utility designed to enable easy manipulation of bitcoin transactions. A summary of its operation may be obtained via "bitcoin-tx --help" Transactions may be created or signed in a manner similar to the RPC raw tx API. Transactions may be updated, deleting inputs or outputs, or appending new inputs and outputs. Custom scripts may be easily composed using a simple text notation, borrowed from the bitcoin test suite. This tool may be used for experimenting with new transaction types, signing multi-party transactions, and many other uses. Long term, the goal is to deprecate and remove "pure function" RPC API calls, as those do not require a server round-trip to execute. Other utilities "bitcoin-key" and "bitcoin-script" have been proposed, making key and script operations easily accessible via command line. Mining and relay policy enhancements Bitcoin Core's block templates are now for version 3 blocks only, and any mining software relying on its getblocktemplate must be updated in parallel to use libblkmaker either version 0.4.2 or any version from 0.5.1 onward. If you are solo mining, this will affect you the moment you upgrade Bitcoin Core, which must be done prior to BIP66 achieving its 951/1001 status. If you are mining with the stratum mining protocol: this does not affect you. If you are mining with the getblocktemplate protocol to a pool: this will affect you at the pool operator's discretion, which must be no later than BIP66 achieving its 951/1001 status. The prioritisetransaction RPC method has been added to enable miners to manipulate the priority of transactions on an individual basis. Bitcoin Core now supports BIP 22 long polling, so mining software can be notified immediately of new templates rather than having to poll periodically. Support for BIP 23 block proposals is now available in Bitcoin Core's getblocktemplate method. This enables miners to check the basic validity of their next block before expending work on it, reducing risks of accidental hardforks or mining invalid blocks. Two new options to control mining policy:
-datacarrier=0/1 : Relay and mine "data carrier" (OP_RETURN) transactions
if this is 1.
-datacarriersize=n : Maximum size, in bytes, we consider acceptable for
"data carrier" outputs. The relay policy has changed to more properly implement the desired behavior of not relaying free (or very low fee) transactions unless they have a priority above the AllowFreeThreshold(), in which case they are relayed subject to the rate limiter. BIP 66: strict DER encoding for signatures Bitcoin Core 0.10 implements BIP 66, which introduces block version 3, and a new consensus rule, which prohibits non-DER signatures. Such transactions have been non-standard since Bitcoin v0.8.0 (released in February 2013), but were technically still permitted inside blocks. This change breaks the dependency on OpenSSL's signature parsing, and is required if implementations would want to remove all of OpenSSL from the consensus code. The same miner-voting mechanism as in BIP 34 is used: when 751 out of a sequence of 1001 blocks have version number 3 or higher, the new consensus rule becomes active for those blocks. When 951 out of a sequence of 1001 blocks have version number 3 or higher, it becomes mandatory for all blocks. Backward compatibility with current mining software is NOT provided, thus miners should read the first paragraph of "Mining and relay policy enhancements" above. 0.10.0 Change log Detailed release notes follow. This overview includes changes that affect external behavior, not code moves, refactors or string updates. RPC:
f923c07 Support IPv6 lookup in bitcoin-cli even when IPv6 only bound on localhost
b641c9c Fix addnode "onetry": Connect with OpenNetworkConnection
BitcoinQT keeps failing to download the blockchain in new ways.
I bought a bitcoin early last year and used bitcoinQT just fine. Then a few months ago I rebuilt my computer and added an SSD, so I backed up the wallet and reformated. Since I didn't plan to sell anytime soon I didn't really need to reinstall right away. A few weeks ago I decided to reinstall QT, but I would need to have the chain on the HDD to preserve space. I used the -datadir parameter and got 9gb into the chain before it stopped downloading blocks and showed a banner in the program that said "Warning: Displayed transactions may not be correct! You may need to upgrade, or other nodes may need to upgrade." This was with version 0.8.5. The holidays came and I got side tracked until now. I got back to it and the problem was still there, but I saw 0.8.6 was out, so I deleted the chain and started over. Now I've gotten 10gb into the block and suddenly while downloading QT crashed with a message "System error:database corrupted." I opened QT again and it went back to work and got another 1 hour into the download before it happened again and now when I try to open the program it errors every time with this message. Though sometimes when I double click the shortcut, rather than crashing with this error it will open but ignore the -datadir, starting to download the chain from the beginning and putting it in my user folder on the SSD. Any ideas? Thanks The directories Im using are C:\Program Files (x86)\BitcoinQT for the program and G:\Programs\Bitcoin\QT-Files for the blockchain The target Im using in the shortcut is: "C:\Program Files (x86)\BitcoinQT\bitcoin-qt.exe" -datadir=G:\Programs\Bitcoin\QT-Files\Bitcoin
If you are running an older version, shut it down. Wait until it has completely shut down (which might take a few minutes for older versions), uninstall all earlier versions of Bitcoin, then run the installer (on Windows) or just copy over /Applications/Bitcoin-Qt (on Mac) or bitcoind/bitcoin-qt (on Linux). If you are upgrading from version 0.7.2 or earlier, the first time you run 0.9.0 your blockchain files will be re-indexed, which will take anywhere from 30 minutes to several hours, depending on the speed of your machine. On Windows, do not forget to uninstall all earlier versions of the Bitcoin client first, especially if you are switching to the 64-bit version.
Windows 64-bit installer
New in 0.9.0 is the Windows 64-bit version of the client. There have been frequent reports of users running out of virtual memory on 32-bit systems during the initial sync. Because of this it is recommended to install the 64-bit version if your system supports it. NOTE: Release candidate 2 Windows binaries are not code-signed; use PGP and the SHA256SUMS.asc file to make sure your binaries are correct. In the final 0.9.0 release, Windows setup.exe binaries will be code-signed.
The 'chainstate' for this release is not always compatible with previous releases, so if you run 0.9 and then decide to switch back to a 0.8.x release you might get a blockchain validation error when starting the old release (due to 'pruned outputs' being omitted from the index of unspent transaction outputs). Running the old release with the -reindex option will rebuild the chainstate data structures and correct the problem. Also, the first time you run a 0.8.x release on a 0.9 wallet it will rescan the blockchain for missing spent coins, which will take a long time (tens of minutes on a typical machine).
Rebranding to Bitcoin Core
To reduce confusion between Bitcoin-the-network and Bitcoin-the-software we have renamed the reference client to Bitcoin Core.
Autotools build system
For 0.9.0 we switched to an autotools-based build system instead of individual (q)makefiles. Using the standard "./autogen.sh; ./configure; make" to build Bitcoin-Qt and bitcoind makes it easier for experienced open source developers to contribute to the project. Be sure to check doc/build-*.md for your platform before building from source.
Another change in the 0.9 release is moving away from the bitcoind executable functioning both as a server and as a RPC client. The RPC client functionality ("tell the running bitcoin daemon to do THIS") was split into a separate executable, 'bitcoin-cli'. The RPC client code will eventually be removed from bitcoind, but will be kept for backwards compatibility for a release or two.
The behavior of the walletpassphrase RPC when the wallet is already unlocked has changed between 0.8 and 0.9. The 0.8 behavior of walletpassphrase is to fail when the wallet is already unlocked:
> walletpassphrase 1000 walletunlocktime = now + 1000 > walletpassphrase 10 Error: Wallet is already unlocked (old unlock time stays)
The new behavior of walletpassphrase is to set a new unlock time overriding the old one:
> walletpassphrase 1000 walletunlocktime = now + 1000 > walletpassphrase 10 walletunlocktime = now + 10 (overriding the old unlock time)
Transaction malleability-related fixes
This release contains a few fixes for transaction ID (TXID) malleability issues:
-nospendzeroconfchange command-line option, to avoid spending zero-confirmation change
IsStandard() transaction rules tightened to prevent relaying and mining of mutated transactions
Additional information in listtransactions/gettransaction output to report wallet transactions that conflict with each other because they spend the same outputs.
Bug fixes to the getbalance/listaccounts RPC commands, which would report incorrect balances for double-spent (or mutated) transactions.
New option: -zapwallettxes to rebuild the wallet's transaction information
This release drops the default fee required to relay transactions across the network and for miners to consider the transaction in their blocks to 0.01mBTC per kilobyte. Note that getting a transaction relayed across the network does NOT guarantee that the transaction will be accepted by a miner; by default, miners fill their blocks with 50 kilobytes of high-priority transactions, and then with 700 kilobytes of the highest-fee-per-kilobyte transactions. The minimum relay/mining fee-per-kilobyte may be changed with the minrelaytxfee option. Note that previous releases incorrectly used the mintxfee setting to determine which low-priority transactions should be considered for inclusion in blocks. The wallet code still uses a default fee for low-priority transactions of 0.1mBTC per kilobyte. During periods of heavy transaction volume, even this fee may not be enough to get transactions confirmed quickly; the mintxfee option may be used to override the default.
0.9.0 Release notes
New notion of 'conflicted' transactions, reported as confirmations: -1
'listreceivedbyaddress' now provides tx ids
Add raw transaction hex to 'gettransaction' output
Updated help and tests for 'getreceivedby(account|address)'
In 'getblock', accept 2nd 'verbose' parameter, similar to getrawtransaction, but defaulting to 1 for backward compatibility
Add 'verifychain', to verify chain database at runtime
Add 'dumpwallet' and 'importwallet' RPCs
'keypoolrefill' gains optional size parameter
Add 'getbestblockhash', to return tip of best chain
Add 'chainwork' (the total work done by all blocks since the genesis block) to 'getblock' output
Make RPC password resistant to timing attacks
Clarify help messages and add examples
Add 'getrawchangeaddress' call for raw transaction change destinations
Reject insanely high fees by default in 'sendrawtransaction'
Add RPC call 'decodescript' to decode a hex-encoded transaction script
Make 'validateaddress' provide redeemScript
Add 'getnetworkhashps' to get the calculated network hashrate
New RPC 'ping' command to request ping, new 'pingtime' and 'pingwait' fields in 'getpeerinfo' output
Adding new 'addrlocal' field to 'getpeerinfo' output
Add verbose boolean to 'getrawmempool'
Add rpc command 'getunconfirmedbalance' to obtain total unconfirmed balance
Explicitly ensure that wallet is unlocked in importprivkey
Add check for valid keys in importprivkey
New option: -nospendzeroconfchange to never spend unconfirmed change outputs
New option: -zapwallettxes to rebuild the wallet's transaction information
Rename option '-tor' to '-onion' to better reflect what it does
Add '-disablewallet' mode to let bitcoind run entirely without wallet (when built with wallet)
Update default '-rpcsslciphers' to include TLSv1.2
make '-logtimestamps' default on and rework help-message
RPC client option: '-rpcwait', to wait for server start
Allow -noserver with bitcoind
Block-chain handling and storage:
Update leveldb to 1.15
Check for correct genesis (prevent cases where a datadir from the wrong network is accidentally loaded)
Allow txindex to be removed and add a reindex dialog
Log aborted block database rebuilds
Store orphan blocks in serialized form, to save memory
Limit the number of orphan blocks in memory to 750
Windows users can create a shortcut that uses the command line option datadir. Doing so directs Bitcoin Core to use, not the default data directory, but the one given as a parameter. Begin by right-clicking on the desktop and selecting New -> Shortcut. Browse to the location of the Bitcoin Core executable (C:\Program Files\Bitcoin\bitcoin-qt.exe) and click the OK button. Next, add the command ... Make the new shortcut for bitcoin-qt.exe with next parameters: bitcoin-qt.exe -datadir='D:\blockchain' Make sure that you set correct destination for datadir and replace path 'D:\blockchain' to your downloaded blockchain folder if needed. Start the program using shortcut. If you use your old 知识:比特币,Bitcoin Core. 8. 比特币官方QT钱包Bitcoin-core 0.9.1.0客户端已正式发布 比特币官方QT钱包Bitcoin-core 0.9.1.0客户端已正式发布 Bitcoin-core 0.9.1.0 正式版发布，默认交易手续费降至0.01mBTC。 一个重大新闻是在OpenSSL的加密库中一个严重 bug 被发现，并在网上闹得 ... I am trying to change the data directory used by bitcoind and I am uder the impression that the command -datadir was removed as I can't find it with bitcoin-cli help, when I try to use it I get Too few parameters and bitcoin-cli help datadir says datadir doesn't exist. I need to specify a directory that is not on the root partition, how to do it ? Also why bitcoin core is so user unfriendly ... To install Bitcoin-Qt, simply download and install Bitcoin Core (Bitcoin-Qt). On first launch of Bitcoin-Qt, it may takes days for this Bitcoin client to do the initial sync the full blockchain, block by block, with the network to your local drive under a Bitcoin-Qt data directory, which is time consuming that usually takes days. 2. Download blockchain file via Torrent The complete blockchain ...
How to run Bitcoin Core 0.9.2.1 on external Hard Drive
Donate some doge if it worked :D D9MgoqshfSKrEn44CDJyikyoYwfnXMYbTS Donate some Litecoin LKUhYUzviqPycCzvEEDRHYBQ9hNXvB6s87 Demo ! Demo ! Demo ! "C:\Program Files ... Bitcoin.pl Poradnik #1 : Instalacja klienta Bitcoin-Qt ----- Nasz poradnik w prosty i zrozumiały sposób przedstawi Ci wszystkie kroki potrzebne do zainstalowania klienta transakcji Bitcoin-Qt ... Bitcoin-QT is a Bitcoin wallet and does some other functions. Running this software is the backbone to the entire Bitcoin system. You may need to open port 8333 in your firewall. For more info see Change your life by HODLing BITCOIN!? It can happen, because the dollar is on it’s last inflationary leg!! USD hyperinflation is the unbacked currencies dest... Setting Up Bitcoin Fullnode on Raspberry Pi 2 - Bitcoin Core 0.12 - Duration: 36:08. World Crypto Network 33,906 views. 36:08. Mike Hearn, Bitcoin Core Developer NBC2014 - Duration: 29:31.